Joan Cocks

While “border” is the specific concept of a delineating, separating, and adjacency-creating edge, there’s a fundamental sense in which every concept has edges that help distinguish it from every other. Some of those other concepts will be similar to it but not identical, most will be incommensurable, and a few will be diametrically opposed. Thus, the concept of border is similar but not identical to “periphery” and “margin,” incommensurable with “forest” or “justice” or “appetite,” and diametrically opposed to “the center” on the one side and “unboundedness” on the other. Linguistic distinctions, in short, are made by drawing conceptual and hence mental dividing lines between x and y that also relate the entities they distinguish in different ways.

Michael Forman

The train that crosses the Oresund from Copenhagen to Malmö was nearly at its destination. As it pulled into the first stop, the doors stayed closed; gendarmes boarded and proceeded to check documents. For locals, used to a half-hour ride, the commute has more than doubled in duration. For the unfortunates pulled off the train, the ordeal would continue. The checks, new and broadly unpopular in Malmö, respond to the hostile reaction against refugees from Swedes who live far from the area. Both Denmark and Sweden are parties to the Schengen Agreement (1985) which allows for the free movement of their citizens as if they were in a single country. There are no checks on the way to Copenhagen.

Élisabeth Vallet

After the fall of the Berlin Wall it was believed that the reconfiguration of international relations was opening an age of globalization in which states, borders, and sovereignties would become obsolete. September 11, however, signaled the end of this Western-centered utopia and the beginning of an era where border barriers and walls were becoming central to a re-fortified world. Borders were seen as open, soft, and purposely porous. They have become more and more closed, hard, and seemingly impassable. 

Emmanuel Iduma

The Lonely Ones (1935) by Edvard Munch

“In traditional societies, everything that made sense of the world was real; the surrounding chaos existed and was threatening, but it was threatening because it was unreal. Without a home at the center of the real, one was not only shelterless, but also lost in non-being, in unreality. Without a home everything was fragmentation…

David Kortava

David Neiwert is an investigative journalist who writes about militias, hate groups, and other organizations on the fringes of the political right. In his latest book, And Hell Followed With Her: Crossing the Dark Side of the American Border (Nation Books, 2013), he focuses his critical gaze on border-watch vigilantes. 

Kavitha Rajagopalan

On August 10, writer and journalist Kavitha Rajagopalan appeared on "Inside the Sulphurbath" to discuss the challenges of urbanization, cosmopolitanism, pluralistic societies, and immigration.  

Jika González

When the Atlantic Ocean swelled on the night of October 29th, the winds of Hurricane Sandy pummeled through the eastern seaboard, moving from Florida to Maine, leaving at least 72 dead, and unimaginable destruction in its wake. It has been five months since that night in which Javier Morán, José Parra, and Felipa Campos, three of countless undocumented immigrants, lost their home to the floods of the storm.

Jika González

Six months ago, Hurricane Sandy roared into the American northeast, leaving in its wake dozens dead, thousands homeless, and unimaginable devastation. While many continue to recover, one group of New Yorkers faces additional challenges. Jika González reports on the efforts of undocumented immigrants to get back on their feet.

Jika González

Eduardo Resendiz, 22, is eager for the elections to be over. If Obama wins, he could legally work in the America. (JIKA GONZALEZ/The Bronx Ink)

Years ago Eduardo Resendiz woke up in Mexico City to his mother’s whisper. “My son, get your things ready, we are about to leave,” she said quietly. “We’re going to meet your dad in the United States.”

Jika González

Maria arrived to the United States when she was only 2 years old. She has lived in White Plains, New York for most of her life, and while she considers herself to be an American, she is still an undocumented immigrant under U.S. law.

Maria works as a tattoo artist at La Tinta de la Santa Muerte, a tattoo and piercing shop that she runs with her family.